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GB tribunal says past presence test for DLA discriminates against refugees

The Upper Tribunal (UT) in GB has found that the “past presence test” for Disability Living Allowance unlawfully discriminates against refugees and their families. The test requires a claimant to have been resident in GB for 104 weeks in the 156 week period before the claim is made. The UT disapplied it and found that the claimants in that case satisfied the presence and residence requirements.

This residence requirement also applies to Attendance Allowance, Personal Independence Payment (PIP) and Carer’s Allowance.

The same test applies for DLA in NI but the required period of residence is shorter (26 weeks in the last 52 as compared to the GB requirement of 104 weeks in the last 156) but this will change once PIP is introduced on 20 June.

It is not yet known whether the Secretary of State will appeal this decision. However, if the decision stands then it should apply equally to refugees in Northern Ireland.

Any refugees or their family members who are refused DLA due to the residence requirements should contact the Law Centre immediately for advice.



Watch: our ideas for MLAs to improve social justice

Ursula O'Hare explains Law Centre NI ideas for BETTER actions for Assembly on NVTV

Ursula O'Hare explains 6 key actions Law Centre (NI) would like the Assembly to take to make social justice BETTER in Northern Ireland (starts at 12 mins 26 secs)


Read more: Watch: our ideas for MLAs to improve social justice


Call for volunteers

The LSP is seeking new volunteers to undertake representation in social security appeals and industrial tribunals. Details of the LSP’s work and how to apply are available here.


Read more: Call for volunteers


Welfare reform information session

Coiste na nIarchimí Tar Isteach are holding an information public meeting in St Mary's College, Belfast on Tuesday 26 april, 7pm to 9pm.

Our social security legal adviser, Jacqui Loughrey, will give an outline of the welfare reform timeline and mitigations package.

The biggest change to the welfare system for 60 years is about to happen. Thousands of individuals and households will be impacted - affecting all working age claimants aged 16 to 65.

The meeting will provide information on:

  • The replacement of DLA with PIP
  • The time limiting of contribution based Employment & Support Allowance
  • The reform of the Social Fund to include Community Care Grants
  • Discussion on the proposed Mitigation Package and Transitional Protection

All welcome. For more information: Tel. 02890200770, Email. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it



6 ways Stormont could make things BETTER in the next Assembly

Law Centre NI areas of work graphics

With the NI Assembly 2016 elections fast approaching and the prospect of a new Programme for Government, Law Centre (NI) has identified six ‘BETTER’ key actions that would contribute to social justice in Northern Ireland:


Benefits: ensure all social security claimants have access to free medical evidence when challenging a decision to refuse benefits

 Employment: regulate zero hour contracts

 Trafficking: implement Independent Guardianship for separated children in the immigration system

 Tribunals: ensure support is available for those who need help before a tribunal

 Ensure timely access to mental health tribunals for people with impaired decision-making capacity

 Respite services: make appropriate respite units available for carers

MLAs are welcome to contact Law Centre (NI) for more information on the ‘BETTER’ key actions, for briefings on policy issues and for support in their constituency advice work.



Training for advisers on Personal Independence Payment

Places on our one-day Personal Independence Payment course are beginning to fill up.

Book your place now for:

Derry 13 May

Belfast 24 May


New NI Public Services Ombudsman given extended powers

Brian Thompson, Marie-Anderson and Ursula OHare

Marie Anderson pictured in 2014 at the launch of NI Ombudsman’s report on administrative justice, with Brian Thompson, University of Liverpool School of Law, and Ursula O’Hare, Law Centre (NI)


Marie Anderson has been appointed as the first Northern Ireland Public Services Ombudsman (NIPSO).

The Office of the NIPSO has been created by the Ombudsman (NI) Act 2016, a new piece of Assembly legislation aimed at making it easier for the public to complain about public services and at increasing the public accountability of public service providers.

The Ombudsman independently investigates complaints about a wide range of bodies spanning the health, housing, local government and education sectors.

In addition, the public can also complain to the Ombudsman about the actions of the Northern Ireland Audit Office and the Northern Ireland Assembly Commission.


Read more: New NI Public Services Ombudsman given extended powers


Minister launches leaflet to help people escape forced labour

Stephen Farry and Sinead Mulhearn

DEL Minister Dr Stephen Farry has launched Law Centre (NI)'s Problems at Work? leaflet.


Read more: Minister launches leaflet to help people escape forced labour


Public meeting - welfare reform update

The biggest change in the welfare system for 60 years is about to happen, affecting all claimants aged 16 to 65.

Tar Isteach is holding public meetings throughout the greater Belfast area to provide the most up to date information to community activists and the general public on the proposed time line for welfare reform changes and to discuss the mitigations package. 

The first meeting will take place on  7 April, 7pm - 9pm, in the Duncairn Centre for Culture and Arts, Duncairn Ave. Antrim Rd.  Belfast, BT14 6BP. 

Other meetings are planned for the east and west of the city, details to follow.

Speakers will be: Thomas Quigley, Kathy Stanton and Agnes Fraser from Tar Isteach and Lee Hatton, social security legal adviser at Law Centre (NI).

The meeting will discuss:

-          the replacement of DLA with PIP

-          the time limiting of contribution based ESA

-          the reform of social fund to include community care grants

-          the proposed mitigation package and transitional protection

More information: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


Help us help people: donate to Law Centre (NI)

Law Centre client

You can help support the Law Centre’s work by becoming a member or by making an online donation on our LocalGiving page.


Read more: Help us help people: donate to Law Centre (NI)


Advisers to talk welfare reform at the Law Centre

Social security practitioners meeting

This free event will cover the timeline for welfare reform and NI mitigations scheme.


Read more: Advisers to talk welfare reform at the Law Centre


Northern Ireland mitigations for benefit cap and Contributory ESA

On 18 March, the regulations introducing 'welfare supplementary payments' to help mitigate the effects of the benefit cap and of new time limits for contributory ESA. The regulations come into force on 31 May.

They describe the maximum amount and duration of 'welfare supplementary payment' to be made where a person’s housing benefit is capped after 31 May 2016.  

They also detail the conditions for entitlement to a payment if contributory ESA finishes because the new 365 days tiem limit for those in the work-related activity group.

The Welfare Supplementary Payments (Northern Ireland) 2016 can be found here: SR. No. 178/2016


RIP Mahfouz Baleed

Mr Baleed

The staff and management of Law Centre (NI) were very sad to hear of the death of Mr Baleed last week, and wish to express our condolences to his wife and children.

The family had been Law Centre clients, having fled the war in Syria and settled in Northern Ireland. They had kindly agreed to let us tell their story as an example of our work and to help other people who may find themselves in similar circumstances.

Friends of the family have set up a fund to cover the costs of the funeral and to help Mrs Baleed and the children:



Minister Ford announces new protections for victims of modern slavery

Last Thursday, 24 March, Law Centre staff joined into an anti-trafficking awareness raising fun run and workshop at Stormont organised by 'In the Long Run' and the NI Department of Justice.

We were delighted that DoJ Minister David Ford MLA took the opportunity to announce new measures by his Department to protect all victims of modern slavery, including those who may not have been trafficked but are in situations of forced labour or exploitation.

We had been advocating for these and other related measures through our involvement with the DoJ's NGO Engagement Group on Trafficking and in our policy comments and briefings*.


Read more: Minister Ford announces new protections for victims of modern slavery


NIJAC seeks to appoint two district judges

NIJAC is inviting applications for the office of District Judge (Magistrates’ Courts).

It is intended to make up to two appointments and to maintain a reserve list for 12 months from the date of the first appointment. Flexible working may be considered for the appointments arising in this scheme.

To be eligible for appointment, a person must be by 30 September 2016:
• a member of the Bar of Northern Ireland of at least 7 years’ standing;
• a solicitor of the Court of Judicature of Northern Ireland of at least 7 years’ standing.

Salary: £104,060 per annum. This post is pensionable.

Closing date: 12 noon on Tuesday 3 May 2016. For full details and to apply online, visit www.nijac.gov.uk or phone 028 9056 9103


Securing benefit entitlement for asbestosis sufferer

Law Centre (NI) successfully appealed an Industrial Injuries Disablement Benefit case for a client who suffered from asbestosis as a result of repeated exposure to asbestos during his working life.

The client received £1,054 in arrears and is now entitled to an additional weekly payment of £16.80 until his case is reassessed in January 2018.

The Law Centre adviser also suggested that the client take legal advice from a private practice solicitor as he may be entitled to compensation from his previous employers.

Case details

His illness came under the category of ‘prescribed disease PD1’ for Industrial Injuries Disablement Benefit. The general rule is that, to be entitled to the benefit, a person must have either suffered personal injury as a result of an industrial accident, or have contracted a prescribed disease resulting in a disablement percentage of at least 14%.  However, in the case of PD1, it is sufficient that the person has been assessed as having a resulting disablement of 1%.

On receipt of medical evidence from his consultant, a Decision Maker accepted that he suffered from PD1 and referred him for medical assessment to determine the extent of his resulting disablement.  However, the Department’s medical adviser expressed the opinion that he was not suffering from prescribed disease PD1. The claim was therefore disallowed.

At this stage, he appealed to a Medical Appeal Tribunal and his trade union referred him to the Law Centre for specialist advice.

A Law Centre (NI) social security legal adviser represented him at the oral hearing where, despite other medical conditions which may have contributed to the severe symptoms he experienced, the Tribunal made a provisional decision that his disablement resulting from PD1 should be assessed at 5% for two years.

Advisers are welcome to refer similar cases and other social security cases involving complex issues. Law Centre (NI)’s advice line is open Monday to Friday, 9.30am to 1pm: 028 9024 4401


Problems at work?

The Law Centre has produced a multilingual leaflet signposting help for people who are in situations of forced labour or labour exploitation.

You can download it here or get copies from: Communications Unit, Law Centre (NI), 124 Donegall Street, Belfast BT1 2GY.

The leaflet can be displayed in your local shop, community centre, school, health centre, library etc, or given to someone you think may need it.

Download Problems at Work? leaflet


New regulations for mitigations on ESA and benefit cap explained

New regulations have been made available which make provision for some of the mitigation payments for people who will be affected by welfare reform in Northern Ireland: contribution-based ESA and benefit cap.

The regulations have now cleared the Committee stage. They are due to be debated at the Northern Ireland Assembly on Monday 14 March.

It is highly likely that they will be approved in their current form. The Assembly cannot amend the regulations but can only express a wish for them to be annulled or passed into law. 

Find out more about what the Welfare Reform Supplementary Payments Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2016 will mean in practice.

You can also download the full text of the regulations and explanatory memorandum.


EEA nationals, Universal Credit and work-related requirements

In correspondence with the Law Centre, the Social Security Agency has confirmed that EEA nationals in receipt of Universal Credit will not automatically be placed in the ‘all work-related requirement’ group. This follows a change in the legislation in Great Britain. This means that EEA nationals will be subject to work-related requirements on the same basis as all other Universal Credit claimants i.e. their personal circumstances will be taken into account.

The Social Security Agency has confirmed that Northern Ireland’s draft Universal Credit Regulations will not include the specific provision that would have targeted EEA nationals. However, both Northern Ireland and Great Britain retain the power to introduce such a provision at a later date. This power is found in paragraph 7 of Schedule 1 to the Welfare Reform (Northern Ireland) Order 2015.

We are pleased that this discriminatory provision has now been dropped. The Law Centre and others had argued that such prejudicial arrangements should not be introduced. However, we are concerned that the power to make such arrangements remains in on the statute books. We will keep a close eye on this issue.  


Trafficked pregnant women and parents left unsupported says report

Pregnant women and parents who fall victims of trafficking are systematically overlooked in the UK’s anti-trafficking response, according to a new report by the Anti-Trafficking Monitoring Group (ATMG), a coalition of twelve UK-based charities.

The report entitled ‘Time to deliver’ identifies a failure of the UK to identify parents and pregnant women amongst the potential victims of trafficking, and provide them with relevant support such as suitable accommodation, childcare, access to healthcare and support for their children.

Read Time to Deliver here.



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